Life Orientation – September 2016



Past papers are test papers that are used to test a student on something he or she has achieved after graduation or on a particular topic. They can often be papers that have already been used by previous students so the student uses or may be the latest ones

Life Orientation is one of the four fundamental subjects within the seven subject package that learners must offer to qualify for the National Senior Certificate (NSC). Of the 29 subjects of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS), Life Orientation is the only subject that is not externally assessed in Grade 12. It is the only subject that is 100% internally assessed for certification purposes.

The importance of critical thinking in decision-making:
Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.

Critical thinkers make better decisions because they question their understanding of a subject before making a decision. They are aware of the tendency among decision makers toward lazy, superficial thinking and instead ask questions to illustrate their depth of understanding.

Critical thinking skills examples

There are six main skills you can develop to successfully analyze facts and situations and come up with logical conclusions:

1. Analytical thinking

Being able to properly analyze information is the most important aspect of critical thinking. This implies gathering information and interpreting it, but also skeptically evaluating data. When researching a work topic, analytical thinking helps you separate the information that applies to your situation from that which doesn’t.

2. Good communication

Whether you use it for gathering information or convincing others that your conclusions are correct, good communication is crucial in the critical thinking process. Getting people to share their ideas and information with you and showing your critical thinking are components of success. If you’re making a work-related decision, proper communication with your coworkers will help you gather the information you need to make the right choice.

3. Creative thinking

Being able to discover certain patterns of information and make abstract connections between seemingly unrelated data will improve your critical thinking. When analyzing a work procedure or process, you can creatively come up with ways to make it faster and more efficient. Creativity is a skill that can be strengthened over time and is valuable in every position, experience level and industry.

4. Open-mindedness

Previous education and life experiences leave their mark on a person’s ability to objectively evaluate certain situations. By acknowledging these biases, you can improve your critical thinking and overall decision process. For example, if you plan to conduct a meeting in a certain way and your partner suggests using a different strategy, you should let them speak and adjust your approach based on their input.

5. Ability to solve problems

The ability to correctly analyze a problem and work on implementing a solution is another valuable skill. For example, if your restaurant’s waitstaff needs to improve service speeds, you could consider reassigning some of their duties to bussers or other kitchen personnel so the servers can deliver food more quickly.

6. Asking thoughtful questions

In both private and professional situations, asking the right questions is a crucial step in formulating correct conclusions.

Open-ended questions

Asking open-ended questions can help the person you’re communicating with provide you with relevant and necessary information. These are questions that don’t allow a simple “yes” or “no” answer, requiring the person who receives the question to elaborate on the answer.

Outcome-based questions

When you feel like another person’s experience and skills could help you work more effectively, consider asking outcome-based questions. Asking someone how they would act in a certain hypothetical situation will give you an insight into their own critical thinking skills and help you see things you hadn’t thought about before.

Reflective questions

You can gain insight by asking a person to reflect and evaluate an experience and explain their thought processes during that time. This can help you develop your critical thinking by providing you real-world examples.

Structural questions

An easy way to understand something is to ask how something works. Any working system results from a long process of trial and error and properly understanding the steps that needed to be taken for a positive result could help you be more efficient in your own endeavors.

The impact of culture and diversity on personal identity:
A person’s understanding of their own and other’s identities develops from birth and is shaped by the values and attitudes prevalent at home and in the surrounding community.

Diverse cultural perspectives can inspire creativity and drive innovation

Examples of how to promote cultural sensitivity and understanding

  1. Think beyond race and ethnicity. A person’s culture is shaped by more than the color of their skin or the way that they dress. It’s shaped by the person’s life experiences and traditions, which may be seen or unseen to the naked eye.
  2. Learn by asking. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. People feel respected and appreciated when others take a genuine interest in who they are, so ask open-ended questions about their culture to learn more.
  3. Make local connections. Find local organizations or venues that work with a cultural group you’re interested in and stop by. Organizations like advocacy groups, religious institutions, colleges and social clubs are a great place to learn more and make connections.
  4. Pay attention to non-verbal behaviors. Meaning behind body language can sometimes differ based on cultural norms. Pay attention to how your body language is being perceived by those around you.
  5. Exchange stories. Storytelling is a great way to share experiences that go beyond culture. Initiate an open conversation by sharing a personal story or experience.

You can also take a Mental Health First Aid course. Mental Health First Aid offers tailored courses to meet the needs of specific populations and can help you better understand your community and peers. Get trained today and #BeTheDifference for those around you.

The role of emotional intelligence in relationships:

Emotional Intelligence (EI) is the ability to manage both your own emotions and understand the emotions of people around you.

By building your EQ, you’ll have the sensitivity that each of us is always seeking in a significant other.

Strategies for developing emotional intelligence

Here are 10 practical strategies for building your EQ:

  1. Clarify your intention for the day. A daily practice that can help build EQ is clarifying your intention. As you travel to work, sit in silence and ask yourself, “What intention do I have for today?” Avoid the urge to make a to-do list, and instead consider what you need to be more intentional about given what is on your schedule. Examples include “I need to build understanding today,” “I need to remain calm,” “I need to provide clarity,” or “I need to be light-hearted.” Once you’ve identified your intention, you can begin to align your actions to it.
  2. Practice self-care. Despite your best intentions, you may struggle to control your emotions if you are tired, skipped lunch, haven’t exercised all week, or are over-caffeinated. A little daily self-care will help build your capacity for EQ.
  3. Perform an emotional check-up. Physicians are rewarded for their cognitive intellect, so it’s no surprise that you value the brain that got you here. However, be careful that you don’t ignore or suppress your emotional side or downplay the mind-body connection. For instance, when traffic is slow, the cell phone company messes up your bill for the fourth time, or the neighbor’s cat ruins your flower bed, what happens to your face, your chest, and your stomach? Noticing your emotions and how your body reacts to them can help you better manage your stressors at work. Before walking into clinic and throughout the day, ask yourself “How do I feel?” and clarify both the physiological answer (e.g., “My shoulders feel tight”) and the emotional answer (e.g., “I feel anxious”). Then, consider why you are feeling that way. Often our emotions point us to an issue that needs to be addressed. For example, you may be feeling frustrated because a broken process is leading to rework, or you may be feeling stressed because you need to set limits with someone. Paying attention to your emotions can help you identify and address these issues.
  4. Slow down. Pausing for just a few seconds before you respond to a stressful situation can often help you gain control over your emotions before you say or do something you might later regret. As you pause, simply take a deep breath. While there is science behind building a ritual of deep breathing to lower overall stress, you can’t usually lie down in an exam room to escape the stress of the day. Instead, learn to center yourself by simply taking three “nose to toes” breaths between patients, during a meeting, or before logging onto the electronic health record.
  5. Get curious. Curiosity is a difficult mindset to have, particularly as we get older, wiser, and more confident in our beliefs, judgments, and opinions. However, cultivating your curiosity is one of the best strategies for building empathy for yourself and others. Curious people pause before reacting or making assumptions and instead ask questions to better understand the other person’s experience and perspective.
  6. Create space for all emotions, not just the pretty ones. Researcher and scholar Brené Brown, PhD, contends that vulnerability about our struggles is not only the great equalizer but the seed where strength is born.7 Emotionally intelligent people are open about their weaknesses, willing to change course, and quick to admit “I don’t know.” (They also know the difference between healthy vulnerability and over-sharing.) Further, they are willing to put themselves in the ring, show enthusiasm, and motivate others with an inspiring vision.
  7. Read the room. It’s easy to get stuck in your own head and not pay much attention to the world around you. Have you ever been sitting with your team, deep in discussion, when one of your colleagues walks in the room with great fanfare and total disregard for what’s going on? The energy shifts in a palpable and awkward way. Noticing our environment is a crucial skill for building EQ, and you can practice it through intentional mindfulness, taking your attention off your phone and tuning into both the context and the content of the group interaction.
  8. Make an effort to connect. Making time for those around you can seem like an impossible task, even for the most outgoing physicians, if you’re struggling to be productive within the confines of a tight schedule. It feels counterintuitive, but connecting with others can actually save you time and angst in the long run. With every genuine greeting or conversation with someone on your team, you are building a coalition of people poised to help you, give you the benefit of the doubt, and work hard on your behalf. And practice makes perfect, so the more you thoughtfully interact with others, the more you will grow your EQ.
  9. Clean up your messes. There are few certainties in life, but one absolute is that you will mess up — a lot. Getting comfortable with extending genuine apologies is a way to maintain strong, healthy relationships and regulate our emotional responses when things don’t go as planned. While it is common to want to hide our mistakes or even feel ashamed or embarrassed as a result, there is nothing more powerful and contagious than authentic humility and accountability. For example, if you snapped at your nurse earlier in the day, it’s important to apologize promptly for the specific behavior.
  10. Begin and end well. Stressful, busy days can often blur together, with no discernible beginning or end. While you cannot suddenly become less busy, you can pay more attention to the moments in between your commitments, particularly the beginning and ending of your day. A morning ritual that excludes your phone and includes your favorite music, for example, will help you start your day on a positive path. Likewise, saying goodbye to your staff when you leave the office and expressing gratitude at the end of the day will leave you and your team feeling more positive, even if the hamster wheel is still spinning.

Understanding and preventing gender-based violence:

Gender-based and domestic violence can be prevented. Prevention is about changing attitudes, gender roles and stereotypes that make violence against women acceptable, and raising awareness of different types of violence.

Gender-based violence is violence directed against a person because of that person’s gender or violence that affects persons of a particular gender disproportionately.

Effects of gender-based violence
Impacts can range from physical harm to long-term emotional distress to fatalities. Rape and sexual assault can result in unwanted pregnancies, complications during pregnancy and birth, and STIs, including HIV.

Strategies for preventing gender-based violence

Recognize the role of gender in violence.

While boys and men do experience abuse it is important to remember that the majority of victims of violence are female and the majority of perpetrators of violence are boys and men.

 Educate yourself on the root causes of violence.

Violence against girls and women stems in male dominance and the socialization of men. Become educated on the roots of violence against girls and women! Read books and articles, join a group at school and attend any training available to you.  Learn about the myths and realities of gender violence and understand how our society condones it.

 Interrupt sexist and discriminatory language.

Words are powerful, especially when used by people who have power over others. We live in a society where words are used to put girls and women down. Gendered name-calling sends the message that girls and women are less than fully human. When girls and women are seen as inferior, it becomes easier to treat them with disrespect and violence. Change the way you speak to help change the way you think.

Be critical and question.

Be critical and question how the media portrays girls and women, whether on television, online, in magazines or in music videos. The media regularly uses images of violence against women, and sexually exploits girls and women to sell products. Write or e-mail the company about their negative images of women and girls and don’t buy their products.

 Get the message out!

Youth do not need to rely on mainstream media to get the message out. Social media is a great way to share articles, tips and tools for the prevention of violence.

Report photos and messages that exploit women and girls.

Report any photos and posts you see that exploit or degrade girls and young women on social media sites like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

Interrupt abuse.

If you see a guy grab a girl or push her girl into her locker, say something to stop his abusive behaviour. If one of your female friends is intoxicated at a party and being led away by a guy, stop him from being alone with her and help her get home safely.

Stop sexual harassment.

Don’t engage in any forms of sexual harassment, such as catcalling, and unwanted touching and be empowered to speak up against friends and peers who do. Don’t look the other way!

Develop an action plan.

Plan ahead what you would do in situations where people you know – or strangers – are being abusive. Sometimes it’s easier to interrupt the abuse when you know what you will say beforehand.

Stop victim blaming.

Don’t blame girls and women for how they choose to dress or judge their behavior. Violence can’t be prevented through limiting the freedoms of girls. This only allows the violence to continue because perpetrators become invisible and not held accountable, and those who witness the abuse remain silent.

Stop rape culture.

One way to stop rape culture is by not allowing people to minimize or normalize sexual assault and rape through jokes. If a peer tells a joke about sexual violence against girls and women, say you don’t find it funny and you won’t tolerate it.

Call gender-based violence what it is – violence, not “bullying.”

Using the term “bullying” to label violence against girls and women masks the truth of what is really happening. By labeling it correctly you are helping to stop a culture which normalizes and minimizes violence against girls and women.

Create safe spaces to discuss gender-based violence.

Create an after school club or group where you can openly discuss your views and experiences and support your peers.

Confront and reflect on your ideas and beliefs.

Reflect on your beliefs, actions and opinions and why you have them. Be honest, admit your faults and commit to changing the way you think and act.

Stop stereotyping men’s and women’s roles.

Social roles and expectations may affect our decisions about relationships. Men are taught that expressing feelings is not “masculine.” Examine your social roles and learn ways to express feelings directly and non-violently to create more meaningful interpersonal relationships.

Remember that violence is a choice, and it is preventable.

Don’t make excuses for friends and peers who are violent. Do not support the notion that violence is caused by mental illness, lack of anger management skills, alcohol and drug use, stress, etc. Violence is a choice, and it is preventable.

Be supportive and believe.

When girls tell you about violence they have experienced in their lives believe them. It is extremely rare for girls to invent false stories about sexual assault and violence. You may be the first and only person she tells. Believe her and support her decisions, without being judgmental.

Be aware of available resources for girls and women.

Familiarize yourself with the resources for girls and women in your community, including women’s centres, shelters and antiviolence organizations. Be a positive resource for girls close to you by sharing information and making referrals.

Be a mentor.

Volunteer your time to preventing violence by speaking to others. This brings awareness to the issue, which will motivate others to act.

The importance of financial literacy for personal financial management:
Financial literacy is the ability to understand and effectively use various financial skills, including personal financial management, budgeting, and investing. When you are financially literate, you have the foundation of a relationship with money, and it is a lifelong journey of learning.

The benefits of financial literacy in personal financial management

Financial literacy can help individuals reach their goals: By better understanding how to budget and save money, individuals can create plans that set expectations, hold them accountable to their finances, and set a course for achieving seemingly unachievable goals.

Strategies for developing financial literacy skills

Wherever you are on your financial journey, here are six ways to improve your financial literacy skills to help you achieve your short- and long-term goals.

1. Subscribe to financial newsletters.

For free financial news in your inbox, try subscribing to financial newsletters from trusted sources. You can explore a large variety of topics and gain expert insight into current events and personal finance trends. And if you’re not already a subscriber, you can subscribe to our Smart Strategies, designed to help you take your financial journey to the next level with insight on retirement planning best practices.

2. Listen to financial podcasts.

Podcasts can be a great way to soak up financial news while you do housework, run errands or walk the dog. You can find options that suit your interest on most podcast apps and music streaming services and hear directly from financial experts. Learn practical tips for managing your money, simple explanations on financial topics and how to build financial literacy as a family. For ideas, check out Best Personal Finance Podcasts to Listen To from U.S. News and World Report.

3. Read personal finance books.

If you prefer books, there’s no shortage when it comes to learning about personal finance. Explore Insider’s list of best personal finance books to find the top reads for budgeting and saving basics, paying off debt, advice for first-time investors and strategies for building wealth..

4. Use social media.

According to a 2021 MagnifyMoney survey, investors between the ages of 18 and 40 use YouTube, Instagram and TikTok as their source for financial information and investing research. You can use your favorite social media channels to follow financial experts, get links to interesting articles and watch videos that discuss financial topics. Consider joining a personal finance Facebook group where you can engage in conversations and share resources with other people in a community. Be sure to follow us on LinkedInTwitter and Facebook for a variety of articles on improving your financial well-being and building a more secure future.

5. Keep a budget.

All of the financial guidance from experts won’t mean much if you don’t know where your money is going every month. Start tracking your income and spending by setting up a budget using a simple spreadsheet or website app. Your budget lets you gain a better understanding of your spending habits and how your paycheck is allocated. With this knowledge, you can pinpoint places that may need to be tightened up or opportunities for putting more money toward your savings goals.

6. Talk to a financial professional.

financial professional can be a good advocate to have in your corner when you’re expanding your financial know-how. They can answer your financial questions, whether it is about the basic day-to-day money situations or more complex long-term scenarios. You can also work together to assess your current situation and discuss a plan for meeting your financial needs and how to stay on track going forward.

Whatever your level of financial literacy, it’s important to keep your knowledge base growing. Be a lifelong learner and continue to seek out new information and strategies that can improve your financial well-being. Every step you take toward getting a better handle on your financial situation is a step in the right direction. Knowledge is power and can help you make more wise and confident financial decisions through every stage of your life.

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What mean of grade 12 past exam papers to student

Life orientation grade 12 past exam papers and memos 2020 – Grade 12 past exam papers and memos: Past papers are test papers that are used to test a student on something he or she has achieved after graduation or on a particular topic. They can often be papers that have already been used by previous students so the student uses or may be the latest ones

Important of have those past papers for students.

Past papers are very important for the student and are an excellent resource for teaching and knowing if you understand, the following are the factors that make past papers useful for students as follows:

  • It helps to develop the student’s confidence in taking his or her exams, because he or she will know the questions that are being asked.
  • It helps the student to know what his or her weaknesses are.
  • It stimulates the student to develop the ability to answer a variety of questions through the questions he encounters in these past papers.

The Grades 12 Life Orientation curriculum focuses on similar areas of skills, knowledge and values

Life Orientation is one of the four fundamental subjects within the seven subject package that learners must offer to qualify for the National Senior Certificate (NSC). Of the 29 subjects of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS), Life Orientation is the only subject that is not externally assessed in Grade 12. It is the only subject that is 100% internally assessed for certification purposes.

Life orientation grade 12 past exam papers and memos 2020 pdf – life orientation grade 12 september 2020 memo download

Grade 12: In South Africa, Grade 12 is the final year of high school. It is more commonly referred to as matric, which is itself short for matriculation. (See Matriculation in South Africa). At the end of Grade 12, students are said to be matriculated.

Twelfth grade, 12th grade, senior year, or grade 12 is the final year of secondary school in most of South Africa. In other regions, it may also be referred to as class 12 or Year 13. In most countries, students are usually between the ages of 17 and 18 years old.

National Senior Certificate (NSC)
A National Senior Certificate (NSC) is a South African Qualification awarded to learners who pass Grade 12 in High School, which is also known as Matric.

Grade 12 Life orientation paper – life orientation grade 12 november 2020 memo

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Life Orientation Grade 12 past exam papers and memos 2020

See also  Grade 12 accounting textbook pdf free download

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